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Showing posts with label Population. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Population. Show all posts

Holistic Management - Mob Grazing - Ian Mitchell-Innes

 
Holistic Management Educator using Mob Grazing - Manipulating Soil Fertility - Livestock Nutrition and Farming
Ian Mitchell-Innes
 

 Next - Animal Mineral Supplementation



Animal Mineral Supplementation - Ranching - Farming

Energy is Money, Money is Energy, Time is Money and Water is Money’

‘The Animal Tells The Story'
Any supplementation given to Livestock, is a crutch to help you through a change, be it Environmental or Physical. It is to make sure you do not loose animal performance, while you the manager and animals, are going through a learning curve. To enable these seeds to germinate and grow, we need to change the Environment at soil surface level. There is no argument, that this can be achieved with livestock, by emulating what happened in the past, before man intervened with a rifle and barbed wire. 

Next - Ranching and Ownership Responsibilities



Ranching and Ownership Responsibilities

Taking Ownership

Many Ranchers and Farmers are now ready to make a change from the conventional, whatever that might be, for the area. The biggest problem is most are looking for a System or a Recipe. This might work in business, where most situations tend to be linear. When dealing with the Environment and Agriculture, managers are making decisions and dealing with Chaos. This chaos is complex and multidimensional and operates in ‘Wholes within Wholes, with interconnecting parts’.
The only way to deal with this Chaos, is to remain totally flex able, using ongoing monitoring. For this to be effective, the manager needs to take ownership and responsibility of his/her decisions. There is a learning to this, as knowledge needs to be obtained, to understand why you are doing something and for what reason.

The first thing to consider is animal performance, as this is the financial aspect of all livestock based operations. The Land and what grows on it, is a solar panel. Capturing the Energy from the sun, which is for free and converting it into an edible product. We use livestock to eat this product and convert it into a saleable commodity, which is meat, milk and wool etc.
‘The limiting factor to all animal performance is Energy’, be it re-conception or weight gain.
We can improve this solar panel, by sequestrating Carbon, covering the soil, improving soil life and growing plants which are more effective at capturing Energy from the Sun.
There is ‘nothing for nothing’ in this World, so it is important to fully understand what you are trying to achieve. If it is to save the World and use livestock as a tool only, to improve the soil, there could be a direct cost to you the manager, in loss of animal performance or having to buy a supplement. If you are paying Tax, this might not affect your bottom line as the Government will be paying for it, if not be very careful.
‘Energy is Money, Money is Energy, Time is Money and Water is Money’



Mob Grazing - Ranching - Animal Nutrition

Energy is Money, Money is Energy, Time is Money
Water is Money

Any supplementation given to Livestock, is a crutch to help you through a change, be it Environmental or Physical. It is to make sure you do not loose animal performance, while you the manager and animals, are going through a learning curve.
 
 

There is increasing evidence, that we humans, particularly since the advent of barbed wire, have managed in such a way that we have reduced the effectiveness of our soils. The result being the plants growing on those soils, do not capture the amount of Energy from the Sun, which used to be captured. The loss of these plants is not as dramatic as we thought it might be, as Nature knew we were going to mess up and the seeds of those good Energy capturing plants are still in and on the soil.
To enable these seeds to germinate and grow, we need to change the Environment at soil surface level. There is no argument, that this can be achieved with livestock, by emulating what happened in the past, before man intervened with a rifle and barbed wire.

Some of the things we have learnt are :-
The bigger the herd, the better the animals do and the quicker the soil is restored.
The more Carbon (plant material) is trodden onto and into the soil, the better the soil does.
We need to manage the livestock to make sure the soil is covered with growing plants or litter, to keep the soil at a more constant temperature and feed life in the soil.
We also know that selection of grazing makes animals perform (fat).
This is all achieved with Time and Timing
Before committing yourself to any change in grazing, take out a pen and calculator and work out which form of Grazing you can afford. You will be doing a “Marginal Reaction”. Which form of grazing, costs you the least, to achieve what you want (in terms of improving the soil) and getting animal performance.
Use the heading of this article, Energy, Money, Time and Water.
If you do not get animal performance you will go broke!
29 December 2015


Ian Mitchell-Innes                          
 



Geothermal Heat Energy Extraction from Boreholes

Shallow geothermal energy – high efficient heating and cooling of hotel complexes and commercial buildings with borehole heat exchanger systems as seasonal storage for heat and cold




The utilization of shallow geothermal energy with borehole heat exchangers and heat pumps for heating and cooling of buildings is very popular in Europe due to low costs of operation and high operating reliability. These systems have the highest rates of growth of all energy supply systems in Europe.

In order to provide a productive and comfortable climate for a living and working environment, buildings have an anti-cyclical demand of heat and cold. During the summer, when abundant heat is available, they have to be air-conditioned, while in wintertime, when cold is at disposal, the buildings have to be heated. Especially the heat and cold supply for hotels and commercial buildings is a challenge, as their huge energy demand needs to be satisfied with a reliable and cost-effective solution. This solution are borehole heat exchangers, which use the huge energy storage potential of the underground with up to 400 m deep boreholes and turn it into an anti-cyclic heat reservoir.



Excessive space heat from air-conditioning in summer will not simply be blown into the atmosphere. The heat is transferred into the underground via the borehole heat exchangers and will increase the existing heat potential of the earth. The same system is used to extract the heat in winter from the underground and make it available for the heating of the building with a heat pump.


Compared to conventional systems, the cost of operation of ground-coupled heat pumps is very low. A minimum of 75% of the heat will be provided by the underground. Depending on the design, the cooling mode requires only electricity for a circulation pump. A borehole heat exchanger system can be operated 50% cheaper than a conventional heating and cooling system, where the heating and the air-conditioning unit work independent from each other.



With professional and optimized planning the utilization of shallow geothermal energy is the most economical system for the combination of heating and air-conditioning, especially for larger buildings. The investigation and evaluation of a shallow geothermal energy supply with regards to the requirements of the building services and the local site conditions has to be conducted by a professional consultant. The technical knowledge of an expert is needed from the first planning phase to the completion for a successful implementation of an optimized system.


By human terms, nearly inexhaustible shallow geothermal potential as a renewable energy. They can be ideally combined with other systems, like CHP, solar collectors, and photo-voltaic systems. Borehole heat exchanger systems can provide the base load day and night, as they are independent of sun or wind and they are an ideal solution for buildings with a high energy demand, like hotels and commercial buildings. South Africa is a perfect location for this technology – commercial buildings, like shopping centers and office buildings can be supplied with a perfect heating and cooling system with essential savings for operation costs. Drilling equipment is available for a reasonable price and the underground conditions are perfect in many parts of the country.

Dr. Frank Frauenstein - Email Me                        

 




Mutation and Evolution - How We Are Changing the World Around Us






Fat polar bear swimming in Hudson Bay



Rewilded tiger fitted with a kill switch



Rhinoceros with no horns                                                                      



White House crow








Elephant that has no tusk






Largely, the changes are the result of human intervention, though, like selective breeding, or wildlife protection measures.



Renhui works with the Institute of Critical Zoologists, an organization that brings together artists and scientists to research the relationship between humans and animals.


Fast Company Design                                                Robert Zhao Renhui